Lesson 4 – Hiragana (Ma ~ Yo), Diphthongs

L

Overview

Lesson 4 Hiragana Chart

Hello everyone! I hope you’ve all been keeping up thus far. In this lesson, we will be going through the 7th and 8th columns of the Hiragana chart, as well as diphthongs that can be produced.

Hiragana – Seventh Column

The seventh column is associated with the ‘m’ sound, so the the first letter, ま, is read as ‘mah’, and so on.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Hiragana – Eighth Column

This column is associated with the ‘y’ sound, and is a special column because there are only three letters.

1.

2.

3.

Diphthongs

The ‘y’ column can be used to produce diphthongs, or contracted sounds. Just like for doubled consonants, small versions of や, ゆ and よ are added after almost all consonants ending in the ‘i’ sound. The result is that the two letters are said together really quickly, so it is like the ‘i’ sound is replaced with the ‘ya’, ‘yu’ or ‘yo’ sound.

For example, for き (Ki), you can add small や, ゆ and よ to produce the diphthongs:

1. きゃ
Romaji: Kya

2. きゅ
Romaji: Kyu

3. きょ
Romaji: Kyo

Do click on the audio clips if you’re unsure on how to pronounce. Also, note that long vowels also work for diphthongs, so you can have words like きゅう and きょう. Also, for し and じ, the Romaji are written as Sha, Shu, Sho and Ja, Ju, Jo respectively (‘y’ is not included).

Example Words

Below are some words and phrases that can be formed by combining all the letters we’ve learnt thus far.

  1. きょう (Kyou) – Today
  2. だいじょうぶ (Daijoubu) – I’m fine
  3. まえ (Mae) – In front/before
  4. あと (Ato) – Behind/later
  5. いま (Ima) – Now
  6. いみ (Imi) – Meaning
  7. もし (Moshi) – If
  8. いもうと (Imouto) – Little sister
  9. ぎゃく (Gyaku) – Reverse
  10. しょうがっこう (Shougakkou) – Elementary school
  11. ちゅうがっこう (Chuugakkou) – Middle school
  12. きょうふ (Kyoufu) – Fear/Terror
  13. きゅうけい (Kyuukei) – Rest/Break
  14. やっと (Yatto) – Finally
  15. しょうせつ (Shousetsu) – Novel

Conclusion

In this lesson, we learnt the 7th and 8th columns of Hiragana, as well as diphthongs. If you have any questions, be sure to comment below. I hope to see you in the next lesson!

About the author

PIgcowhybrid

6 comments

  • I’ve been browsing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any fascinating
    article like yours. It is beautiful worth enough for me.
    Personally, if all web owners and bloggers made excellent content as you probably did, the web will probably be a lot more useful than ever before.

    Does your website have a contact page? I’m having trouble locating it but, I’d like to send you an e-mail.

    I’ve got some recommendations for your blog you might be interested
    in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it expand over
    time. Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your content
    seem to be running off the screen in Ie. I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to
    do with internet browser compatibility but I thought I’d post to let you know.
    The design and style look great though! Hope you get the problem fixed soon. Thanks http://foxnews.net

  • I just like the helpful info you supply in your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your weblog and take a look at again right here
    regularly. I am quite sure I’ll learn many new stuff right here!
    Good luck for the following!

By PIgcowhybrid

Recent Posts

Recent Comments

Archives

Categories

Privacy Policy